What are stations?

HMS Challenger travelled all around the world, reaching all oceans apart from the Arctic. The voyage was recorded as 354 stations with each station representing a point in the ocean where the crew trawled or dredged the sea, collecting as much material as they could. The ship also, however, visited many countries and groups of islands, exploring the lands, collecting plants and birds and also ethnographic material from the communities they met. 

What the crew recorded at each station

The crew gathered scientific information as well as specimens at each station. This is why specimens held in museums still have great importance to science today. Whenever possible the crew recorded the following:
  • water temperature at the surface, bottom and at various points in the water column
  • air temperature and weather
  • surface current of the water 
  • the depth of the water
  • water was collected to study the chemistry of the water (e.g. components, specific gravity and salinity)

This information can be downloaded as an Excel file here.


Learn about the Route